Study Design: Resident’s case problem.
Background: The popularity of weight training has increased dramatically during the past 20 years. With the increase in popularity of weight training, the rate of injury has also increased dramatically. The types of injuries range from benign to life threatening.
Diagnosis: The patient was a 21-year-old woman originally referred for pelvic pain who presented with new complaints of right upper extremity swelling, discomfort, and cyanosis after recently beginning a comprehensive weight-lifting program. Additional signs, including paresthesias, decreased pulses, and venous distension, warranted a timely referral by the physical therapist back to the referring physician.
Discussion: The primary injury in this case report was hypothesized to have been induced by the recent start of a weight-lifting program, with no other significant contributing risk factors. A comprehensive examination by the physical therapist revealed clinical signs of an upper extremity deep vein thrombosis, leading to a same-day referral back to the referring physician. Further research, resulting in a clinical decision rule for upper extremity deep vein thrombosis or estimates of diagnostic accuracy of clinical signs and symptoms, would improve the diagnostic process.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2006; 36(11):882-886. doi:10.2519/jospt.2006.2250
Key Words: Paget-Schroetter syndrome, primary axillary-subclavian thrombosis, thoracic outlet syndrome, upper extremity deep vein thrombosis