The surgical treatment of painful, end-stage ankle arthritis includes ankle arthrodesis and total ankle replacement.In the past decade, total ankle replacement has become a viable alternative to ankle arthrodesis. Modern implant designs either involve a syndesmosis fusion and resurfacing of the medial and lateral recesses of the ankle joint or the use of a 3-component, mobile bearing implant. In limited clinical series, the early results of both these prosthetic design approaches are encouraging. In selected patients, ankle arthroplasty is an effective approach to relieving pain and improving function. The purposes of this paper are to review the clinical results from total ankle replacement and ankle arthrodesis; discuss indications, contraindications, design features, postoperative rehabilitation, and initial results for the major current total ankle designs; and present concepts for future total ankle development. In particular, this article explores the advantages and concerns with 2 prevalent but different design approaches. It also discusses future directions for total ankle replacement.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2000;30(2):56-67.
Key Words: arthritis, arthroplasty, total ankle replacement